17 states sue US administration over migrant family separations

Seventeen states, including Washington, New York and California, sued President Donald Trump’s administration on Tuesday in an effort to force officials to reunite migrant families who have been separated at the US-Mexico border.

The states, all of which are led by Democratic attorneys general, joined Washington, DC, in filing the lawsuit in US District Court in Seattle. It’s the first legal challenge by states over the practice.

“The administration’s practice of separating families is cruel, plain and simple,” New Jersey Attorney General Gurbir Grewal said in an emailed statement.

“Every day, it seems like the administration is issuing new, contradictory policies and relying on new, contradictory justifications. But we can’t forget: the lives of real people hang in the balance.”

Immigration authorities have separated about 2,300 children from their parents in recent weeks, sparking global outrage as images and recordings of weeping children emerged. Many parents are in custody thousands of miles from their children, whom they have not been able to see and have rarely spoken to for a month or more.

 After falsely blaming Democrats for the separations and insisting that only Congress could fix the issue, the president last week issued an executive order designed to end the practice under his “zero tolerance” policy, which prosecutes undocumented adults who come to the US.

But the states say his order is riddled with caveats and fails to reunite parents and children who have already been torn apart.

They accuse the administration of denying the parents and children due process; denying the immigrants, many of whom are fleeing gang violence in Central America, their right to seek asylum; and being arbitrary in applying the policy.

A US judge in San Diego is considering whether to issue a nationwide injunction sought by the American Civil Liberties Union that would order the administration to reunite the separated children with their parents.

A Seattle-based immigrant rights group sued on Monday on behalf of held asylum-seekers in Washington state who have been separated from their children.

The states that sued Trump’s administration are: Massachusetts, California, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia and Washington.


It’s new dawn in APC, says Akintola

A LEADING aspirant for Oyo State All Progressives Congress (APC) governorship ticket, Chief Michael Adeniyi Akintola (SAN), has described the victory of the party’s national chairman, former Edo State Governor Adams Oshiomhole, as birth of a new dawn.

The former Labour leader was affirmed as APC national chairman through voice votes by delegates at the national convention conducted at the weekend in Abuja.

Akintola, in a statement, said he was convinced that Oshiomhole was coming to take charge at the party’s national secretariat at an auspicious time when the party was in dire need of a tested team player imbued with the administrative skills to galvanise the party’s faithful ahead of the 2019 general elections.

He said: “Your Excellency, I am very happy to congratulate you on your election as the national chairman of our great party, the APC.

“You could not have come at a better time than now that the party needs your wealth of experience.

“Your adoption without any opposition eloquently attests to your immense leadership qualities, experience and character, all of which will combine to foster unity and give our great party the much-needed direction to unassailable victory in the coming elections in 2019.

“It is truly the birth of a new dawn for the party and our dear country Nigeria.”

<<The Nation>>

Oshiomhole Sworn in as APC Chair

All Progressives Congress (APC) National Chairman Adams Oshiomhole promised yesterday to unite party members.

In a speech after he was sworn in by Attorney General and Minister of Justice Abubakar Malami, the former Edo State Governor, said: “ We have the  capacity to face the challenges and the instruments required do not need to be rocket science, but basic commitment to the provisions of our constitution, commitment to internal democracy, mutual respect for each and every one of us— purge ourselves of any arrogance— and a commitment to honesty; listen, discuss, persuade and find a common ground so that in the end, we can have a win-win solution in any state we have challenges and even on issues affecting various arms of government elected on the platform of our party.”

Oshiomhole added: “We are ready and tomorrow (today), we will resume work because there is no time to waste. That is why we promptly swore in members of the National Working Committee.

“By 8.00am tomorrow, I am ready to take my seat and I know that my brother’s handing over notes are ready.”

He praised his predecessor Chief John Odigie-Oyegun for making history as the first chairman of a ruling party to spend a full term in office.

He said:  It is important that you realize that you made history because the other party, in 17 years had 14 national chairmen which gives an average of about 1.3 years per tenure for a national chairman.

“So, since 1999, no chairman of a ruling party has accomplished what my elder brother has accomplished.”

To President Buhari, the APC chairman said he “has taught us valuable lessons.”

He gave the lessons as including perseverance “that those who seek to contribute to the affairs of their nation in a democracy must appreciate that this process is a not a 100-metre dash.”

He alluded to Buhari trying unsuccessfully three times to become President without giving up hope unti he got it the fourth time, adding “Only people with capacity, energy and tenacity can go as far as you have gone”

He commended the founding fathers of the APC, including Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Chief Bisi Akande, Sokoto State Governor Aminu Tambuwal and Senate President Bukola Saraki.

He promised fairness for party members. Giving his vision for the party he said: We have the will and we are committed to do what we have to do to have political party that in the near future can be compared to the ANC and serve as a strong pillar, not only to the federal government, but to all the governments elected on the platform and ensure that when elected, the party is not reduced to a mere election platform, but remain a platform to engage, interrogate and interface with all those elected on our party platform. “

On his personal capacity, the former labour leader said: “I believe that with my own background, things will be resolved amicably because I am used to managing divergences and this is just another task. It will be done to the satisfaction of our President, governors, senators, representatives, House of Assembly members and all the rank and file members of our party.

“We will devote all our time to it because that is the oath of office that we have just swore to and we will administer the party on the basis of our constitution.”

Truly, in a party such as ours, there can be no losers because whoever wins will serve all of us and as clearly stated in our oath of office and oath of allegiance, we have all committed ourselves to doing justice to all manner of persons and above all, to work for the benefit of each and every party member. If we give positive effect to these commitments, those who contested and members will benefit from the leadership that has just been elected.”

THE NWC members

  • National Chairman Adams Oshiomhole
  • Natioanl Secretary Alhaji Mai Mala Buni
  • Deputy National Chairman (South) Adeniyi Adebayo
  • National Vice Chairman, North-West Manasara Sani
  • National Vice Chairman, Southwest Bankole Oluwajana
  • National Legal Adviser Babatunde Ogala
  • National Welfare Officer Alhaji Ibrahim Masari
  • Deputy Welfare Officer Jock Alamba
  • Deputy National Chairman( North)- Sen. Lawal Shuaibu
  • National Vice Chairman South-East- Emma Eneukwu
  • National Vice Chairman South-South- Hilliard Eta
  • Deputy Legal Adviser- Ado Oguta
  • National Treasurer- Adamu Fanda
  • Deputy National Financial Sec.- Sunday Jacob Chukwuma
  • National Publicity Secretary- Mallam Bolaji Abdullahi
  • National Auditor- Chief George Moghalu
  • National Women Leader- Salamatu Umar Elijah
  • Deputy National Women Leader- Barrister Ndoma Oye
  • National Youth Leader- Abubakar Shuaib
  • Deputy National Youth Leader-Hafiz Bolaji
  • Youth Leader (North East)- Kashim Bello Margari
  • Youth leader (North West)- Abubakar Sa’adu
  • Youth Leader (South West)- Lanre Olarewaju
  • Youth Leader (South East)- Onyeka Olisemeka
  • Youth Leader(South South)- Gabriel Iduseri
  • North East Organising Secretary-Shuaibu Abdulrahaman
  • South south Organising Secretary- Adefamile
  • South West Organising Secretary- Femi Egbedeyi
  • South East Organising Secretary-
  • South East zonal, Secretary- John Uwaede
  • South south zonal Secretary- David Okumgba
  • Zonal Women Leader, North West- Hanatu Buba
  • South east Women Leader- Blessing Onuoha
  • National Vice Chairman North West- Inusa Abdulkadir
  • Deputy National Auditor- Isa Madu Chul
  • Deputy National Secretary-Victor Giedom
  • National Vice Chairman North East- Mustapha Salisu
  • Deputy National Chairman, North- East Amina Tumanga
  • Zonal Women Leader North East-
  • National Organising Secretary- Emma Ibediro
  • Ex-official (South-South)- Ndukwe Ayandu                                                                                                                                                                 <<The Nation>>

We’ll only confirm serious appointments by Buhari —Senate

The Senate has denied lifting, through the back door, the embargo it placed on confirmation of appointments made by President Muhammadu Buhari.

The upper chamber of the National Assembly said the appointments recently confirmed were considered to be serious enough to call for exceptions.

The Senate had in March 2017 resolved to suspend further consideration of appointments made by Buhari to protest against the retention of Mr. Ibrahim Magu as Acting Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, despite his rejection by the lawmakers.

The lawmakers had also been irked by the position taken by Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo, then as Acting President, that executive appointments did not require legislative approval based on Section 171 of the Constitution.

Between March and June 2018, the chamber had,  however,  confirmed no fewer than 18 appointments, excluding those rejected or considered.

The Senate had on March 22 confirmed the appointments of Mrs. Aishah Ahmad and Mr. Edward Adamu as Deputy Governors of the Central Bank of Nigeria.

It had also approved the nominations of three of the four members of the Monetary Policy Committee. They were Prof. Adeola Festus Adenikinju, Dr. Aliyu Rafindadi Sanusi and Dr. Robert Chikwendu Asogwa. Rejected was Dr. Asheikh A. Maidugu.

On April 12, the Senate confirmed the appointment of three members of the Board of the Niger Delta Development Commission. They were Chuka Ama Nwauwa (Imo State), Lucky Orimisan Aiyedatiwa (Ondo State) and Nwogu N. Nwogu (Abia State).

Speaking to our correspondent in an interview, the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Media and Public Affairs, Senator Aliyu Sabi-Abdullahi, denied that the lawmakers had lifted the embargo through the back door.

Sabi-Abdullahi stated that the embargo was placed by the lawmaker based on the comments made by Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo and not the retention of Magu as the EFCC boss.

He said, “What the Vice-President said clearly is that we do not have the powers for confirmation. He did not limit it to the issue of Magu. That was why the Senate considered it very grave enough to say that, ‘Since that is it, then fine. We will cease to carry out that function. Let them carry it out themselves.’

“Because we serve the people, the exceptions you talked about were serious enough to require that we give an exception. So, there is nothing like the issue of a back door (lifting of the embargo). These (confirmations) were discussed in the same chamber where the (embargo) resolution was taken.”

The Senate’s spokesman was asked if the remaining appointments under embargo were not considered to be critical to the economy and Nigerians.

Sabi-Abdullahi said, “It is not for me to answer. The question is: Is the National Assembly not critical to our democracy? Why is our issue not important?”


Herdsmen attack 11 Plateau villages, kill 86, torch 50 houses

Plateau State was on Sunday thrown into mourning with the killing of 86 persons in the attacks on about 11 communities in the Gashish District by suspected Fulani herdsmen.

The Police Command in Plateau State had earlier on Sunday confirmed the attacks, saying it had only recovered 11 corpses from some of the villages. But residents had insisted that about 200 people were killed by the marauding herdsmen.


However, the police later issued a statement that indicated that the death toll in the attack on the communities in the Barkin Ladi Local Government Area on Saturday night had risen to 86. It added that six people were injured, 50 houses burnt, 15 motorcycles razed while two motor vehicles were torched.

The spokesperson for the Plateau State Police Command, Matthias Tyopev, an Assistant Superintendent of Police, in an updated statement issued on Sunday night, said the earlier 11 death toll in the attacks was due to the information at its disposal as of then before the arrival of the search and rescue team from the Barkin Ladi LGA.

Tyopev had identified the 11 corpses as Dalyop Vanode, Dom Danladi, Bururu Wade, Joju Rala,Titus Danladi, Bitrus Malat, Alu Matir, Noron Monday, Cecilia Yohana, Dam Bulus and Ladi Danladi.

He said, “Sequel to the attack in the Gashish District of Barkin Ladi LGA yesterday (Saturday) June 23, 2018, the Commissioner of Police, Plateau State Command, Jos, Undie Adie, after deploying more personnel in the district sent a search and rescue team from the Command headquarters today (Sunday) for an on-the-spot assessment.

“The team headed by ACP Edeh John of the Department of Operations had also the DPO of the Barkin Ladi Division and a Unit Commander from Mopol 38. After a careful search of the villages attacked in the District,  the following were discovered: 86 persons altogether were killed, six people injured, 50 houses burnt, 15 motorcycles and two motor vehicles also burnt.

“The team also carried out a detailed deployment. Corpses were released to the families for burial. The command earlier in the day confirmed only 11 people dead as the result of the attacks due to the information at its disposal before the arrival of the search and rescue team from the Barkin Ladi LGA. This is to update members of the public of the situation as regards the attacks in the Gashish District as promised earlier on.”

Also, there were fears that some soldiers were missing during the attack but the Commander of the Special Military Task Force codenamed Operation Safe Haven, Maj. Gen. Anthony Atolagbe, dismissed the report. He said, “it’s not true, no soldier died and no soldier is missing.”


While the Peoples Democratic Party and the Christian Association of Nigeria, called on the global community to rescue Plateau State from the attacks, the Plateau State Government imposed a dusk to dawn curfew in the Riyom, Barkin Ladi and Jos South LGAs.

The decision, according to the government, is to avert the breakdown of law and order.

A statement issued on Sunday by the Secretary to the State Government, Rufus Bature, said  movement would be  restricted from 6 pm to 6 am, except those on essential duties.

“The soil of Plateau smells with rotten dead bodies as a result of silent killings and many people are missing,” CAN stated.

The attack was said to have been launched at Xland. Gindin Akwati, Ruku, Nghar, Kura Falls and Kakuruk all in Gashish District were completely sacked by the assailants.

Other areas affected by the attacks included Rakok, Kok and Razat in the Ropp District.

The Chairman, Public Accounts and Petition Committee in the Plateau State House of Assembly representing the Barkin Ladi constituency, Peter  Gyendeng , in an interview with newsmen on Sunday said the attacks were a declaration of war on his constituency.

He claimed that mercenaries were hired to kill people in the Barkin Ladi LGA.

Gyendeng said, “As a matter of fact, the casualty rate is in hundreds; it is more than 100. In one place, it is above 51, in another, over 32 and yet in another area, it is same. For now, based on what we have on the ground and the corpses that we have been receiving, it is probably over 200 casualties.

“Altogether, about 11 villages were attacked and our people are there now trying to ascertain the number of deaths. The casualty rate is above 200 and counting (of the corpses) is still going on.

“This is war; it is a declaration of war on my people. War has been declared on the Barkin Ladi LGA completely. There are mercenaries that have been hired to come and kill people in the Barkin Ladi LGA. The killing started around 11pm last (Saturday) night till this (Sunday) morning. And the killing still continues.”

Reacting to the killings, the PDP described Governor Simon Lalong of Plateau State as an “absentee governor, who had been out of the state for the past three weeks.

The party called on the international community to “come to the aid of Plateau people as apart from  the over 130 people killed, many are missing.”


The PDP in a statement by its Publicity Secretary in Plateau State, John Akans, described the attacks as genocide.

He said, “We received with rude shock the level of genocide going on now in the Gashish District, Razat, Ruku Nyarr and Gana-Ropp, all in the Barkin Ladi LGA. We also note with great pains the dastardly attacks ongoing in many other LGAs in the state by the Fulani militias.

“We condemn, in the strongest terms, the level of continuous genocidal attacks on Plateau people. At the moment, Barkin Ladi is under siege by the marauders with over 130 people feared to have been killed. As of the time of issuing this statement, CAPRO School of Missions-SOM in Gana-Ropp is under heavy attack by the militia.

“…We call on the international community to come to the aid of Plateau people as beside the over 130 people killed, many are missing. While we mourn our people, we are calling on this failed, incompetent and ineffective APC government at all levels to, for once, be sensitive by discharging its constitutional responsibility of protecting lives and properties of its citizens.

“While killings are going on, the President (Muhammadu Buhari) is busy telling members of the international community that Nigeria is safe for investment and tourism.

“While the Federal Government is planning to pump hundreds of billions of naira into the construction of cattle ranches in states, killings are ongoing in states that have not put in place any ban on open grazing.”

But the Plateau State Government commiserated with citizens especially, Xland, Gindin Akwati communities of the Barkin Ladi LGA, saying it held every single life as sacred.

The government requested citizens to use the “early warning system” mechanism recently launched by Operation Rainbow on 30812 for SMS and 09060100010 for voice calls.

A statement by the Plateau State Commissioner for Information and Communication, Yakubu Dati, said the government was deeply pained that despite concerted efforts which had led to the restoration of relative peace in the state, “some unpatriotic elements are bent on disrupting the gains so far made.”


He said, “The government condemns these attacks and has mobilised the full compliments of security forces and they are restoring normalcy in the affected areas and the environs. Furthermore, the government holds every single life as sacred hence has mobilised medical and relief agencies to ameliorate the suffering of those in distress.

“As a government, we are committed to ensuring a safe and secure environment that will guarantee peaceful coexistence among the various groups in the state as we remain resolute to the well being of our people.”


Arraign Abaribe or grant him bail, Falana tells DSS

Human rights lawyer, Mr. Femi Falana (SAN), on Sunday asked the Department of State Services to immediately charge the senator representing Abia South Senatorial District, Eyinnaya Abaribe, to court or grant him bail if it has not completed its investigations.

He called on President Muhammadu Buhari to direct all security agencies in the country to respect the fundamental rights of every citizen, as he charged the human rights community to be prepared “to halt fascism which has continued to rear its ugly head in the land.”

Falana , who anchored his demands on the undertaking by the Buhari-led Federal Government to stop impunity and respect the human rights of every person living in Nigeria under the rule of law, noted that the arrest and detention of criminal suspects and law-abiding people without court orders had continued unabated.

Operatives of the DSS reportedly arrested Eyinnaya and raided his home in the Apo Legislative Quarters in Abuja, on Friday.

But Falana regretted on Sunday that the All Progressives Congress-led Federal Government had been unable to end impunity which members of the then opposition including Buhari suffered in the hands of the then Peoples Democratic Party-led government.

He said if the DSS had any evidence of the alleged offences against Abaribe, it should arraign him in court, or grant him bail if it had yet to complete its investigations.

He said, “The Department of State Services has said that Senator Enyinnaya Abaribe is being detained on account of his links with the Indigenous People of Biafra.

“It is common knowledge that the Senator had stood surety for Mr. Nnamdi Kanu, the leader of IPOB.”


Davido wins BET Award, urges Africa collaboration

Nigerian pop star Davido won Best International Act on Sunday at the BET Awards and urged greater collaborations between US and African musicians.

The BET Awards, established by Black Entertainment Television to recognize the best in African American culture, maintains an international category for black music from outside the United States.

Davido, 25, thanked his listeners in Nigeria and said that Africa as a continent “has been so blessed.”

“I’m telling you guys — come to Africa, eat the food, wear the clothes,” he told the audience full of African American A-list celebrities.

“Let’s collaborate, everybody. Let’s collaborate, man,” he said.

Davido, the US-educated son of a wealthy business mogul, is one of the leading forces in the Afrobeats movement that has swept the continent’s music scene.

Not to be confused with the funky Afrobeat of the 1970s, Afrobeats — with an “s” — brings together sounds from across the continent to create a danceable, pan-African music.

Other artists nominated for the BET international award included British rappers Stormzy, J Hus and Stefflon Don, French rappers Booba and Niska and the French-Congolese soul singer Dadju.

Other nominees were hip-hop producer Cassper Nyovest and house music innovators Distruction Boyz from South Africa along with Kinshasa-born singer and guitarist Fally Ipupa and Nigerian singer Tiwa Savage.



Bovi, Joselyn Dumas to announce AMVCA nominees June 30

Come Saturday, June 30, Ghanaian actress and TV host, Joselyn Dumas and Nigerian comedian and actor, Bovi will announce nominees for the 2018 Africa Magic Viewers’ Choice Awards (AMVCAs). The live broadcast holds by 7pm (WAT) on all Africa Magic channels on DStv and GOtv.

Speaking on the milestone telecast, Channel Director, Africa Magic, Wangi Mba-Uzoukwu, revealed that close to 3000 entries were received across the continent. She also said that the judging panel spearheaded by veteran filmmaker, Debbie Odutayo, painstakingly reviewed each of the entries to arrive at the final shortlist of nominees.

“We are honoured to showcase and celebrate the creative industry each year on the platform of the AMVCAs,” she said.

“In the past five years, we have remained steadfast in our commitment to nurture and showcase indigenous talent from across the continent. Join us on Saturday, 30 June as we reveal the nominees for the sixth edition of the Awards.”

Launched in March 2013, the AMVCAs continue to celebrate the contributions of African filmmakers, actors and technicians to the success of the continent’s film and television industry. For the 2018 edition, a number of awards will be presented in 27 categories, with seven categories open to public voting and 20 being categories to be decided by the AMVCA panel of judges.

The full list of nominees will be published on the Africa Magic website, www.africamagic.tv and social media platforms following the reveal.

<<The Nation>>

D’banj’s only child dies

One month after celebrating his first birthday, son of music star, Dapo Oyebanjo, aka D’banj, has reportedly passed.

The son, Daniel, was said to have drowned at the singer’s home in Ikoyi, Lagos.

“Trying Times. But my God is Always and Forever Faithful,” said D’banj, who used a dark image as D.P on the social media.

His wife, Lineo, was said to be at home when the incident occurred.

<<The Nation>>

NNPC loses N547bn in three years

The group monetary loss of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation for 2015, 2016 and 2017 is N547bn, the latest review of the oil firm’s financial and operations reports in the period has revealed.

According to the review, which was done by the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and released in Abuja on Sunday, the refineries posted a cumulative performance of 12.26 per cent during the three-year period.

On refineries and domestic crude utilisation, NEITI stated that for the three years under review, the facilities recorded an average capacity utilisation of 12.26 per cent.

A further breakdown showed that the Kaduna refinery had the lowest capacity utilisation of nine per cent, while Warri and Port Harcourt recorded 9.73 per cent and 15.4 per cent, respectively.

NEITI stated that one striking feature of the NNPC financial operations report was the disclosure that the corporation lost the sum of N547bn in its operation for the three years.

“Out of this amount, the NNPC corporate headquarters recorded the highest revenue loss to the tune of N336.268bn,” the organisation stated.

It, however, noted that the Nigeria Gas Company made a profit of N141.324bn during the period under review.

NEITI applauded the monthly voluntary disclosures by the NNPC, but stressed that it was important to note that the transparency monitoring agency through its auditors under the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative framework had not independently verified the information and data from the national oil firm’s reports.

The agency stated, “NEITI has not, except for the year 2015, independently validated the data from the NNPC. This will be done in ongoing and future reconciliation reports. What has been done here is a preliminary analysis of the data that the NNPC has made available for the three-year period.

“The figures examined here do not represent the sum total of all revenues from the sector, as other payment streams like royalties and taxes from Joint Venture signature bonuses, transportation rental fees, penalties and others are not covered by the NNPC financial and operational reports.”

NEITI also called for the urgent review of the Deep Offshore and Inland Basin Production Sharing Agreement between Nigeria and the oil companies.

It said the urgency to review the obsolete legislation without further delay was in view of the revenue losses to the federation by the use of the old agreement in the computation of revenues to be shared between the government and the oil firms.

NEITI recalled that the Deep Offshore and Inland Basin Production Sharing Contracts Act of 1993 provided for “a review of the terms when prices of oil crosses $20 in real term; and a review of the terms 15 years after operation of the agreement and five years subsequently.”

The agency, however, observed with concern that Nigeria had yet to adhere to this important provision even now that the price of oil was revolving around $70 per barrel.

In its latest Occasional Paper, which reviewed three years of the NNPC’s financial and operations reports, NEITI noted that crude oil production under the PSCs had since overtaken production under the JV arrangements.

The agency also stated that for the three-year period of 2015 to 2017, the country produced 2.126 billion barrels of crude oil and condensate.

It added that production was highest in 2015 with 775.6 million barrels and was lowest in 2016 with 661.1 million barrels, while production in 2017 was 690 million barrels.

“The year 2016 was a difficult year for oil production, because production was shut-in in a number of oil terminals,” NEITI stated.

The agency said its main concern was that now that the PSCs accounted for about 50 per cent of total oil production and major source of revenue, the delay or failure to review and renew the agreement meant that payment of royalty on oil production under the PSCs would not be made, while computation of taxes would be based on the old rates.

On lifting of crude oil, the NNPC monthly financial and operations report noted that “international oil companies lifted more crude oil than the government. Total lifting of crude oil and condensates was 2.135 billion barrels. Of this sum, the IOCs and independents lifted a total of 1.367 billion barrels, while the government’s lifting by the NNPC was 721.16 million barrels.”

NEITI noted that this implied that the operators lifted 64.01 per cent of total crude lifting, while the government, through the NNPC, lifted 33.76 per cent. When expressed in monetary terms, the total government lifting of oil amounted to $35.893bn, while the figure for the IOCs and independents was $68.591bn.